The Virginius Affair
(1873)

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The Virginius pursued by the Tornado. Capture of the Virginius near Jamaica.

 
 
 
Capt. Fry bids farewell to the crew of the Virginius before their execution. Capt. Fry bids farewell to the crew of the Virginius before their execution.

 
 
 
Execution of the Virginius crew at the Santiago de Cuba slaughterhouse. Execution of the Virginius crew at the Santiago de Cuba slaughterhouse.

 
 
 
Spanish cavalry trample the cadavers of the Virginius martyrs.

The Capture of the Virginius Announced, New York-Herald, Nov. 10, 1873, 7
The Captain and Crew of the Virginius Executed by the Spaniards, New York Herald, Nov. 13, 1873, 3
The Virginius Story as Related by Tornado's Commander, New York Herald, Nov. 18, 1873, 4
Despatches of U.S. Consuls in Santiago, November-December 1873
Walker, Jeanie Mort. Life of Capt. Joseph Fry the Cuban Martyr (1875)
Harper's Weekly cover of the Virginius Affair (Jan. 10, 1874)
The Virginius Affair
The Virginius Incident (Jonathan Ault)
List of 155 people captured on board the American steamer Virginius by the Spanish steamer Tornado
Indemnity Lists for Crew and Passengers of the Virginius

Gen. Juan Nepomuceno Burriel, Governor of Santiago de Cuba

EXPEDITIONARIES:
de Céspedes, Pedro
Fry, Joseph
Ryan, William A. C.
Sol, Jesús del
Varona, Bernabé de
Agnes E. Fry letter to Thomas F. Bayard, March 19, 1885
Eliza J. Williamson letter to Thomas F. Bayard, April 18, 1885