U.S. Intervention in Nicaragua

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President Emiliano Chamorro

José Santos Zelaya
U.S. Marines clearing 
barriers from the track.
U.S. Marine MajorSmedley Butler

Adolfo Díaz


Inauguration of Conservative President Adolfo Díaz (center), with U.S. diplomat Lawrence Dennis and
former president Emiliano Chamorro.

Two Marines at Coyotepe Hill, the 
   Liberal rebel stronghold, in Oct. 1912.
El Coyotepe fortress.


El Coyotepe entrance
El Coyotepe wall

The Assault on Coyotepe (1912)
Fortaleza de El Coyotepe
Major General Joseph H. Pendleton, USMC